How to Treat Wounds in the Wilderness

Initial size up

As soon as you reach the wounded man, make sure that his airway is open – they breathe and has a good circulation. Airway and respiration are often checked together and can be checked simultaneously. If breathing is completely absent initiate mouth-as-mouth rescue breaths for it and CPR if the heart rate is absent. Circumstance also means measuring the scope and depth of the injury and whether this injury risks their health. Here is our very first specific question, which we’re going to discuss about how to dress wounds. It seems the first time that we have talked about dressing wounds.

Clean the wound and remove any dirt or debris

Your wound will not heal unless you completely remove the dirt and stains from the wound. Find a source of fresh running water and wash the wound for 5 to 10 minute. Use a disinfectant ointment if you have a solution. Do not place soap directly on open wounds as this can cause the surface to smudge. If your hand is severe you should consult your health care provider and get an appointment at least 3 working nights before starting treatment with Iodine/HPOH. You may have tweezers. Wipe them away in a jar of alcohol, bleach or water or boil them for 10 mins before slicing into your wound.

How to Splint in the Outdoors

In a problem such as fractures or fractured bones stabilized muscle is of great importance. These injuries may feel extremely painful and rapid stabilisation / splinting may aid in relief of the pain. The procedures to design a stable splint are luckily fairly simple. Alternatively raise the injury above the heart to minimize pressure during the healing period. See under the section about improvised littering to learn about evacuation of people who have not been able to move. The section for evacuing anyone on their own can be read here. For more information see the Links.

How to dress wounds when hiking

For a deeply gash during a wilderness first aid, it is crucial to ensure there is no damage to the wound. Clean the wound and place some antibacterial cream on the wound using fresh water or sterile solution if you have one. For a more serious wound which cannot be closed with simple closing strips, clean as before, apply a sterile dressing at the wound and apply pressure. Make sure your hand does not move or show swollen blood vessels. If you have elastic tape, physical tape or some sort of superglue you can tape or glue the outer edges of strips into place.

Stop the bleeding

Effortlessly and assimiliarizing to sanitary conditions during first aid is important. The best thing you can use is either sterile gauze. It restricts blood flow for preventing clotting. If you’ve been hiking on the trails for some time and all your clothes are dirty, the last resort would be to use your hand. Apply a gentle pressure on the wound for 10 to 15 minutes. Keep going consistently throughout the whole process. Remover pressure could make blood clots burst. You need to give your body lots of times to send coagulants and platelets to form clots.

Sterilize Your Hands

You shouldn’t infect wounds with bacteria. If you would like to sterilize your hands you should make them warm up by using soap diluted with warm water. If you have soap in your hand wash your hands, make sure to use a thick clump of lint and then clean the dirt beneath your teeth. Use a sharp knife or a toothpick to get as much dirt as possible. Sometimes it’s necessary to improvise. You have at least a disinfectant and can clean up your hands correctly. Make sure the package contains a good amount disinfectant wipes, like this one found over at Amazon.

Dehydration & Heat Exhaustion

Adventuring is hard work and one needs to be hydrated. Try drinking about 1 Liter per hour in hot or humid conditions. Common signs of dehydration are headaches and a dark yellow urine. Injured people can quickly suffer medical problems that will ruin the adventure so don’t take their own steps by learning how to prevent them. We sweat quite often on hot places and aim to drink 1 Liter of water per hour in hot or dry situations. For further information, visit this page…

Dealing with severe wounds

But if someone has suffered serious bleeding a bandage alone cannot be effective. Sometimes you’ve got to place pressure on blood to control it. A belt or any fabric cord long enough can be used. There may be twice the needed tourniquets for serious wounds. The guidelines we addressed so far can extend across a broad range of wound types. Injuries with extensive bloodletting are treated simply with bandages and pressure.

Apply Topical if available

If your kit says prescribed antibiotic’, your kit could probably include triple antibiotic and bacitracin. Apply it once every day, if possible. Petroleum jelly can also speed up healing. Is effective while preventing infection. It also hydrates it and keeps the infection under control. Also helps keep wounds cool during infusion and prevents inflammation.

Burns while camping

Campfires stoves and lighters all offer the opportunity for a nasty burn. Some simply provide reminders to be more careful. Others could require some medical know-how. Let’s also address the various kinds of burns that you might experience and how to treat them.

3rd & 4th Degree Burns

The last-second fire classifications are third or fourth degree. These are severe burns that require urgent medical attention. Follow the same cleaning instructions that prevent two-degree burns. Hightail it in a reputable medical facility. Once the burn occurs before you get started you should remove most inspirational jewellery or restrictive accessories that cause the skin to collapse. As a result the areas around the burned area will often swell and pieces which were originally placed may get stuck or can cause additional pain and discomfort. The last advise is to remove these items from burn areas before they are cleaned and treated. In some cases it could grow and get stuck.

2nd Degree Burns

If the burn extends to the dermis layer of skin it is categorized as second-degree burns. The complexion is either inflamed pink and white. If touched, it can trigger pain or discomfort for the person touching the product. Depending on blister lengths about 1/4-inch. Or bigger to the size, remove all skin. Small and thicker blisters have a chance of leaving alone! Apply antibacterial creams such as the Neosporin and Aloevera as needed if available. Next cover with a non-adherent dressing securing the garments securely with tape or bandages.

Head or Spinal Carry

Hiking packs are used as improvised neck stabilizers to immobilize your spine. The rigid frameworks of the pack stabilize the spine and stabilize the head of the patient. But that alone is not enough to move patients; instead we require a rigid stretcher or a carrying platform. Kayaks and canoes are excellent litter. The rigid frames are removed and secured together to form a passible stretcher for the patient if absolutely necessary. Two frames would suffice but three or four frames allow longer, rigider platform. In the case of a kayak, remove the seat, panels and using a serrated knife to remove material to maintain its constant shape almost rigidly.

No head or spinal injury

The most simple method is blanket dragging. Another way to carry is firefighters carrying. It is advisable to carry up to three carryers and at least five people at once. Take a wheel carry for a team of up to three. The patient puts their hands under the shoulders on both sides. The patient then must position her legs around their shoulders to be carried on by the third Helpress who is sitting next to the patient. If you suspect any injury to head, neck and spine use spinal stabilisation.

Heatstroke

If extreme heat exhaustion isn’t noticed and dealt with rapidly then it can result in heatstroke. The treatments are virtually identical to temperature depletion and must be performed immediately. I recommend a hydration backpack like a Camelbak. Achieve optimum nutrition through eating snacks high in sodium and potassium. As I will soon take a tour of Nicaragua to lead the volcano peaks in temperatures up to 90F you may be interested in taking these precautions too! The patient must immediately be discharged to a suitable hospital. As soon possible soak up warm water for cooling or sprinkle with tepid water and fan if necessary. Keep it warm.

Heat Cramps

The heat is sometimes caused by poor fluid absorption of electrolytes and dehydration. The cramps are often in the most used muscles during your workout. Immediately drink fluids that contain a high concentration of electrolyte and sodium chloride. Remember that our body absorbs more carbohydrates than just water. This provides the materials the body needs to rehydrate and gets back to action. Attempt to find a drink with 20 – 30 mEq/L sodium and 6% carbs and 6% salt and carbohydrate have hydratability.

Alternative way to Irrigate a wound

Bacteria form quickly when the urine is exposed to open air and heat. Sometimes it starts to become septic. Avoid injecting urine with saline water unless you have other sources. But urine is sterile only in its raw form. Urine must be used immediately after passing. It can be used to clean or dry a wound but it should only be used once it cured.

Gaping wounds

If he wound is too wide, you should put all sides together with adhesive to cut the shape of the “butterfly ” or “dumbbell. You should ensure that any wound can be drained easily preventing infection.

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